Lubumbashi

 

History

Lubumbashi celebrated her 100th birthday in 2010.

The settlement was originally known at Elisabethville after Princess Elisabeth of Belgium, later to become Queen Elisabeth when her husband Prince Albert acceded to the throne following the death of his father King Leopold II.

It was decided to establish the settlement on the banks of the river Lubumbashi which provided power for the nearby mines which included the copper mine, Mine d’Etoile which continues to operate close to Ruashi on the outskirts of Lubumbashi.

The arrival of the railway on 27th September 1910 from Cape Town in South Africa via Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) to this northern part of the copper belt was also an influencing factor in the choice of location for this city.  The copper and other minerals being transported more easily out of the country by rail.  In 1931 the railway between Elisabethville and Angola via Dilolo was opened.  The high altitude also made it a more pleasant climate in which to live and work.  In 1910 there were 300 Europeans and 1000 living in the settlement. In 1966, the city’s name was changed to Lubumbashi, after it’s river, by President Mobutu who came to power in 1965.

Mobutu also changed the name of other cities as well as the country, which became Zaire in his programme of Africanisation. Mobutu fled the country in 1997 when Laurent Kabila marched on the city of Kinshasa seizing control of the capital and the country. The country was renamed Congo once again.

The city is the regional capital of Katanga Province and in 1997 President Laurent Kabila made the decision to change the theatre in the Batiment de 30 Juin (June 30th being the date Congo celebrates independence from Belgium) into the regional parliament building. Laurent Kabila’s son Joseph Kabila came to power in when his father was assassinated. He is currently serving his 2nd mandate following Presidential elections in 2006 and 2011. The current Governor of Katanga Province is Moise Katumbi Chapwe and  is also the owner of one of the city’s acclaimed football teams T.P. Mazembe.

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Social projects in the area

Kimbilio: Kimbilio Progress 2013 http://t.co/N4kvIWgXuo
4:54 PM Jun 09, 2013
Kimbilio: Please help Kimbilio continue to build, grow and help more of Congo's street children. Check out the £10 challenge! http://t.co/BzkbITfCka
7:36 PM Jun 08, 2013
Kimbilio: Kimbilio opens day centre for street girl's this week in Lubumbashi.
2:04 PM Jun 07, 2013
MSF in DRC: RT @MSF_USA: The crisis in eastern #Congo ruthlessly persists. http://t.co/L7HWQxmqru A revolving cast of militias fight the armed forces a…
8:57 AM Jun 05, 2013
MSF in DRC: Medical care in line of fire in Democratic Republic of Congo! Medical facilities must be safe, neutral spaces #DRC http://t.co/8oh5e1RAaZ
12:10 PM May 29, 2013
MSF in DRC: RT @ICRC: We remind all parties to the conflict in #DRC that international #humanitarian law protects civilians and must be respected at al…
12:08 PM May 29, 2013
MSF in DRC: Fighting this weekend between #FARDC and #MaiMai in Shamwana #Katanga leaves several dead. MSF team at hospital treats two wounded #DRCongo
2:31 PM May 27, 2013
MSF in DRC: RT @MSF_france: En #RDC, l’équipe #MSF évalue l’évolution des mouvements de population et se tient prête à intervenir http://t.co/bH9qUa914i
12:12 PM May 23, 2013

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